A developmental disorder in the infant may have consequences later on motor and/or cognitive skills and thus on learning. In occupational therapy, the neurosciences-based approach is preferred, but this study shows that the sensory approach would be more relevant in pediatrics.
Method: Only recent scientific literature concerning developmental disorders and the effects of sensory integration have been identified. The level of scientific evidence was not considered in the selection of articles since the study is a scoping review. Eighteen articles were analyzed as part of this study. They have been published between 2007 and 2018.
Results: Of the eighteen articles, some treats of sensory modulation, sensorimotor disorder (including postural and praxis dis-orders), and/or sensory discrimination. All of these articles are related to the sensory development of the child. Most articles have found positive effects on different aspects of motor skills, with direct or indirect effects on cognitive skills. This sensory balance also leads to an improvement in occupational participation.
Conclusion: Most studies on sensory integration identify an improvement of postural control which allows, among other things, to improve basic cognitive functions. All this makes it possible to develop academic learning and occupational participation.
Article rédigé par :
CHU de Liège
4557 Fraiture-en-Condroz (Belgique)