Holistic approach, or holism, seems fundamental in occupational therapy’s practice. However, this value seems difficult to apply in practice, and a chasm seems to separate theory and practice. Its definition itself remains unprecise. We investigate on what prevents occupational therapists from actualising holism, and what helps them to do so. Using the Delphi method, we list facilitators and barriers in the actualisation of holism. The study also shows that occupational therapy acknowledgment enhances holism’s actualisation. Nevertheless, we suggest that a definition of holism adapted to the practice would support practical application of the concept. This new definition could reinforce occupational therapists’ identity based on professional values and enlarge the spectrum of potential professional fields.
Article rédigé par :
Étudiante en Master européen d’ergothérapie (European Msc
in Occupational Therapy)