In Belgium, more than one in ten births is affected by prematurity (Dalla Piazza & Lamotte, 2013). Currently, neonatal medicine and care have improved con-siderably in order to reduce the negative effects of hospitalization on the child and his or her family. Unfortunately, the progress made after discharge is not as evident as that made in hospitals. Gaps appear in the support provided to parents of premature children upon their return home, which increases the risk of re-hospitalization (Boykova & Kenner, 2012). To facilitate this transition, the occupational therapist can assist them by providing advice to improve their occupa-tional commitment to their premature child and thus increase their sense of competence to care for them. This literature review explores the work of occupa-tional therapists in neonatology, reviews the situation in Belgium and identifies occupational therapists’ recommendations for parents of premature children upon their return home.
Article rédigé par :
Centre hospitalier neurologique William Lennox
Haute École de travail social et de la santé (HES-SO)
CHU de Québec
CHUV de Lausanne