Background: in the spring of 2020, the world was affected by a health crisis related to COVID-19 pandemic and a large majority of countries ordered their populations to stay at home. This confinement had a significant impact on people’s occupational participation.
Objectives: the aim of our study was to observe the occupational adaptation (OA), as described in the MOHO, of occupational therapists (OTs) during the confinement. We hypothesised that OTs have better OA than the general population due to their knowledge of occupational science and occupational balance mechanisms.
Method: 1769 participants (751 OTs and 1018 non-OTs) were recruited and completed an online Occupational Self Assessment (OSA) in digital format to observe their OA before and during confinement.
Results: before confinement, OTs have a higher level of occupational competence and value score than non-OTs. During confinement, OTs and non-OTs have the same level of occupational competence, but OTs maintain a higher level of occupational identity (value score). Unexpectedly, their OA is significantly lower than that of the general population.
Conclusion: our study shows that OTs have a lower OA during confinement whereas they had a better perception of their occupational participation before confinement. The reasons for this difference are discussed in the light of the high demands that health professionals place on themselves.
Article rédigé par :
ERPHAN, Université Paris-Saclay, UVSQ
78000 Versailles, France
Association nationale française des ergothérapeutes (ANFE)
Ergothérapeute, M. Erg.
Centre intégré de santé et de services sociaux de Chaudière-Appalaches (CISSS-CA)
Hôtel-Dieu de Lévis, Lévis, Canada
Centre de recherche du CISSS-CA
Université Paris-Saclay, UVSQ
ERPHAN, 78000, Versailles, France
Plate-forme Nouvelles Technologies
Garches, APHP, France