Le télésoin en ergothérapie : une pratique qui répond aux enjeux de privation occupationnelle dans les activités productives des ergothérapeutes français depuis la crise sanitaire de la Covid-19

Telecare in occupational therapy: a practice that responds to the issues of occupational deprivation in the productive activities of French occupational therapists since the health crisis of Covid-19

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Summary :

Context. Work is recognized as a determinant of health. During the Covid-19 pandemic, occupational therapists were impacted in carrying out this paid productive activity, experiencing occupational deprivation and occupational alienation or participation restrictions. The development of telecare was one of the possible ways to deal with this unprecedented situation and to continue practicing occupational therapy at a distance.
Aim. To understand how the development of telecare has helped to overcome occupational deprivation in productive activities of occupational therapists since the health crisis.
Method. A qualitative narrative approach was used to conduct 6 interviews with occupational therapists using telecare at least since the first lockdown. Bardin’s content analysis (1977) was used to develop the themes.
Results. Four themes emerged from the analysis: 1) collaboration with users, caregivers and other professionals enabled by telecare; 2) a modality of exercise that develops productivity ; 3) the implementation and development of telecare supported by different societal levels ; 4) complementarity between telecare and direct care.
Conclusion. Telecare enables occupational therapists to continue their productive activities during the pandemic period and beyond. The flexibility provided for practitioners, users and their caregivers does not replace face-to-face interventions. Occupational therapists must be trained in the use of Information and Communication Technologies in order to use this tool effectively and support users in carrying out their virtual activities.

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Article rédigé par :
  • Marielle André

    Ergothérapeute DE, MSc OT
    Enseignante formatrice
    IFE-IRFSS Croix-Rouge française de Tours
    marielle.andre@univ-tours.fr


  • Laurie Allain

    Ergothérapeute DE
    Soin de suite et de réadaptation
    La Ménaudière – MGEN
    lallain@mgen.fr


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